This brochure has been prepared for both administrative application and general public information relative to the blue "Star of Life" Emergency Medical Care symbol. Since congressional enactment of the Highway Safety Act of 1966 and its approval of the Highway Safety Guideline on "Emergency Medical Services," the Department of Transportation has vigorously pursued the implementation of a comprehensive Emergency Medical Services (EMS) system nationwide. The objectives of this program have been to reduce mortality and morbidity among the sick and injured through prevention efforts and effective medical intervention and care at the scene of medical emergency onset, during transit to definitive care within the hospital or acute care facility, and through rehabilitation. It is appropriate that EMS be distinctively identified for the benefit of not only those working in this vital service area but also the victims and the general public.