Reporting Extrication-Related Deployment of Automotive Safety Equipment
Minimize Risk & Injury
The information in this section is for law enforcement officers, fire service personnel, emergency medical service providers and other public safety personnel who arrive on the scene of a crash and are involved in extricating victims from air bag-equipped vehicles.
Public Safety Community Letter
Recently, there has been increased media attention about the potential dangers of extrication-related deployments of automotive safety equipment (i.e., air bags, seat belt pretensioners, etc.) to emergency personnel during rescue and EMS operations. While there have been reports of injuries to rescuers, the prevalence of these types of incidents is not known.
For several years, NHTSA's Special Crash Investigation Program (SCI) has investigated reports of injuries from safety devices, including malfunctions and/or inadvertent activations of air bags during rescue operations. In the few reported cases of deployments occurring during rescue operations, it was found that the vehicle electrical system was either not properly deactivated or the responders had inadvertently damaged the vehicle air bag control module.
NHTSA's Crash Investigation Program and Emergency Medical Services Division will continue to monitor and analyze the problem. However, in order to determine the extent and nature of any hazard and design appropriate countermeasures, it is crucial that NHTSA receive information on as many of these incidents as possible. Emergency services providers are reminded to report all unintentional deployments of automotive safety equipment, whether or not the rescuer is injured, by one of the following methods:
The safety of emergency services personnel is of paramount importance to NHTSA. The agency will carefully review all reported hazards involving vehicle safety equipment and, in concert with its national partners, take action to ensure emergency responders' safety. You are encouraged to share this reporting mechanism with all emergency services and law enforcement agencies.
We also engage with our Federal partners and a wide variety of other stakeholders in programs to enhance the health and safety of the EMS workforce. Federal, State and local partners utilize NHTSA’s research to improve injury surveillance and help maintain a healthy EMS workforce.
In addition, in keeping with recent strategic goals set forth by the Federal Interagency Council on EMS (FICEMS), we support efforts to enhance interstate recognition and reciprocity of EMS personnel, and are working with State EMS offices to support the transition of military EMS personnel to civilian practice.